CLCrow Photography Blog

Capturing Life At Its Best

Different Types of Photography

PORTRAITURE PHOTOGRAPHY

If you have ever picked up a camera and took a photograph of a family member or a pet than you have done portrait photography.

Two different types of portrait photography are:

Studio – Many professional photographers have a studio where they do most of their work.  The studio most likely will have lighting, muslims (the backdrops in photographs) and different props.  Photographers can have a lot of equipment and it is much easier to bring the subject to them than to have to take all the equipment they would need to them.

Location – Many photographers including me, prefer natural lighting to artificial so they do their photography outdoors.  No matter where you live,  you can find some place that have a beautiful backdrop, whether it is at the beach, a park, famous landmark or maybe just your backyard. I live near the beach so I have the perfect backdrop.  The downside of course is the weather, you are at the mercy of Mother Nature.

NATURE/WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY

Have you ever taken a picture of a flower in your backyard or a cardinal eating out of your bird feeder?  That is nature/wildlife photography.  The great thing about nature and wildlife photography is you can do it in your own backyard or at the local park. Ansel Adams www.anseladams.com is probably the most well known nature photographer.  His shots of Yellowstone and Yosemite National Parks are incredible.  This is the photography that I love to shoot.  It is beautiful and unpredictable.  The great thing about wildlife photography is no two shots are the same but you do have to be patient and you have to be ready.

LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY

Another great subject is landscape photography.  Have you ever taken a photo of a famous landmark (i.e. Lincoln Memorial, Seattle Space Needle, St. Louis Arch).  That is landscape photography. Cityscapes also fit into this category.    Cityscapes are especially great photographs when taken at night.

April 21, 2013 Posted by | Photo Tips | , , , , | Leave a comment

Copyrights

I recently had a photo of mine pulled off Facebook and used without my permission so I decided that I would do a blog on Copyrights.

Copyright is a form of protection, authorized by the United States Constitution, that gives photographers, artists, authors, musicians, choreographers and architects the exclusive right to use and reproduce their works. Essentially, all original works can be copyrighted. This includes photographs, art works, sculpture, writings, music and computer software. Virtually all works created or first published after January 1, 1978 are protected by copyright. Many works created prior to 1978 are also protected.

A copyright is secured automatically when a work is created. This concept is frequently misunderstood. Some people still believe that there are formalities required in order to create a copyright. This is not true. Under the latest version of the Copyright Act, neither publication nor registration with the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress is required in order to secure full copyright protection. When a work is created, it is automatically copyrighted.

The owner of the copyright generally has the exclusive right to reproduce the work in copies, to prepare derivative works based on the work, and to distribute copies of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership.  The owner of the copyright generally has the exclusive right to publicly display and perform the work.

Permission to use a copyrighted work is called a “license.” A license must be obtained from the owner of the copyright prior to using the work. The license can be oral or written. Obviously, the use of a clearly written licensing agreement will avoid confusion. The writing does not have to be detailed to be effective. A simple letter or invoice is usually sufficient. For example, ‘one-time usage rights for photograph in brochure with press run of 5,000 copies and regional newspaper use for six months – $2,500.”

COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT

The unauthorized use of a copyrighted work is called an infringement. The Copyright Act provides stiff penalties for infringing copyrighted works. Under appropriate circumstances, penalties can include monetary damages, all profits earned by the infringer from the unauthorized use of the copyrighted work and attorneyís fees. A court can also order the destruction of all infringing copies.

For more information check out: http://www.photolaw.net/faq.html


July 7, 2010 Posted by | Experiences, Photo Tips | , , | Leave a comment

No Batteries or No Camera = No Shot

I always carrying extra batteries in my camera bag so if they die, I still have extras.  A few months ago I was at Huntington Beach State Park taking photos of wading birds (egrets, herons). Deciding against carrying my heavy camera bag, I just grabbed one of my cameras, my extra memory cards and headed to take more photos.  I was on the other side of the causeway from my car when my batteries died.  As I was walking back to my car  to replace my them when I heard crunching near me.  I turned to look and five feet in front of me there was an alligator facing me munching on a blue crab.  It would have been a great shot but because I hadn’t brought my extra batteries, I did not get the shot.

A few weeks later I was sitting at a light when to my right I saw a Red Tailed Hawk 10 feet away standing on the ground.  Because I was heading to a meeting I had not thought to bring my cameras with me.

No batteries or no camera = no shot.  The moral of the story, just like the boy scouts, is “always be prepared.” You never know when you perfect shot will be presented to you and you want to be ready.

March 22, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips | , , , , | Leave a comment

Adding the Moon in Photoshop

Happy St. Patrick’s Day.  The easiest way to add the moon to your photo is to cut and paste but to do that you need to decide the size of the moon before hand.  Open both photos in photoshop.  Crop the moon to about 2″x2″ (you can change the size of it is too big or small).  If you are using a Mac, hit Command A (PC – Ctrl A) to select moon, then Command C (Ctrl C) to Copy.  Go into the skyline photo and hit Command V (Ctrl V) to paste your image.  Using the Move Tool in Photoshop, move the moon to where you want it.  Go to the Layers palette and right click and select Blending Option. Select Lighten in the drop down box in Blend Mode to.  This hides the black square around the moon from view, leaving just the moon itself visible. The key is to make sure you place the moon over a photo with a dark sky (at least as dark as the blue one shown here, or darker). Once the moon is the right size and place, go to Layer – Flatten Image to put the two layers together.  Save your image.

If you would like to see more of my photos, please visit my website: clcrowphotography.com

March 17, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips | , | Leave a comment

Shooting A Night Skyline Shot with a Detailed Moon

Have you ever wanted to get a night skyline shot with the moon?  If you try to take a night shot with the detailed moon more than likely you will get an overexposed white circle rather than a detailed moon.  It is because night city shots need long exposures and a shot of the moon takes a very short exposure due to the moon being very bright.

The easiest way to achieve the shot that you are looking for is to take 2 different shots, on shot of the moon and the other of the night skyline and combine them in photo editing software like Photoshop.

The Night Skyline

First thing you need is to set your camera up on a tripod.  Using a wide angle lens (18mm-24mm). Set your camera to Aperture Priority Mode, chose f/11 or a larger f-stop and your camera will choose the shutter speed (which can be as little as 20 seconds or could be a few minutes depending on how dark the city is.  For this shot of the Lincoln Memorial, I used f/4 with a shutter speed of 1/2 second.

The Moon Shot

Put on your longest telephoto lens (ideally 200mm or more), put your camera on full manual mode and set your aperture to f/11 and your shutter speed to 1/250 of a second.  Zoom in as tight as you can so that there is nothing but black sky and the moon in your shot, then take the shot.

Tomorrow’s tip will be how to add the two shots together in Photoshop.

March 12, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips | , , , | 1 Comment

Cropping Your Photograph

Cropping Your Photograph

Do NOT overcrop no matter if you are shooting an bald eagle flying through the air, your beloved dog Max or children playing soccer.  Do not frame the subject so close that the they have no room to run or fly. As you can see in the photograph above of a snowy egret flying through the air, there is some space in front of him so it looks like he is not trapped in the photograph.

Give your subject (whether it is an animal or children running) space in front of the direction they are going. It gives the photograph a stronger composition.

March 9, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips | , , , | Leave a comment

Landscape Photography Composition Rules

Landscape Photography Composition Rules

1. Rule of Thirdshttps://clcrowphotography.wordpress.com/2010/03/04/rule-of-thirds/

2. Framing an Image – add points of interest in foreground.  For example, this rocking chairs in this photograph are framed by the front of the house and the porch supports.  Another example is taking a photo of the Jefferson Memorial on the opposite side of the Tidal basin framed surrounded by cherry blossoms in the spring.

3.  Diagonal Lines – Using a diagonal line can be a very effective way to draw the eye to the main focal point.  Two converging lines coming to a single point can also be even more effective.  (I.e. Using a river or a road that leads up to a Mountain or bridge)

4. Geometric Shapes – The easiest example of this is if you have 3 different subjects.  Position them in such a way that they create a triangle.

March 7, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Breaking Rule of Thirds

Breaking the Rule of Thirds

Sometimes breaking the rule of thirds produces powerful images.  One example is a scene of real symmetry.

Next time you are out taking photos try both ways and you may find a different way of looking at things.

Tomorrow’s tip: Composition Rules for Landscape Photography.

March 5, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips | , , | Leave a comment

Rule of Thirds

The Rules of Composition – Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is one of the most basic and most important rules in photography and one of the first taught in photography classes.

Using the rule of thirds you break down an image into three parts, both horizontally and vertically.  When looking through the viewfinder of your camera, you visualize a tic tac toe board.

Place your subject where the horizontal and vertical lines intersect. See in the photograph above how the eagle’s eye is almost perfectly placed.   The idea is to give your photograph more balance.  Studies show that the intersecting lines is where people’s eyes usually go when looking at a photograph or a piece of art.  It is the natural way of viewing an image.

Just like most rules, there are exceptions.

  • If your subject takes up most of the photograph, like a flower, you don’t need to use the rule.

You can also crop the photo using photo editing software (i.e. Photoshop).

  • This is especially helpful when taking photos of wildlife.  They don’t usually stand still for very long so you don’t always have time to perfectly position your subject.

Tomorrow’s Photo Tip: Breaking the rule of thirds

March 4, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips | , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Photo of the Day – February 27, 2010

The Washington Monument.  It is the most prominent structure in Washington and one of the city’s earliest attractions. The Monument is shaped like an Egyptian obelisk, stands 555’ 5 1/8” tall, and offers views in excess of thirty miles.  On the west end of the National Mall built to commemorate the First U.S. President – General George Washington.

The monument is made of marble, granite and sandstone.  It is the tallest structure in Washington, DC.

Designed by Robert Mills.  Actual construction began in 1848 but was not completed until 1884 due lack of funs and the U.S. Civil War.  The cornerstone was laid on July 4, 1848.  A different shading of marble is visible approximately 150′ up shows where construction was halted for a number of years.

If officially opened on October 19, 1888.

Fifty flags representing the 50 states encircle the base.

February 27, 2010 Posted by | Photo Tips, Walkway Into History | , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment